READY FOR YOUR PUPPY?
It will be helpful to have these supplies ready at home before the day you pick-up your puppy. All of the supplies can be purchased on any store in your area except for the food( scroll down to see the food info)
For the first few times the puppy rides in car, they may get carsick. It is normal for little baby puppy, so just having paper towels or Wee-Wee pads just in case for the ride home will be good. Also, being held in someone’s lap can help make your puppy feel comfortable to trip the home and may help prevent car sickness. Car sickness generally vanishes and soon your puppy will look forward to going “For a ride”.
01. Doggy bed
02. Small washable blanket
03. potty pads or washable pads
04. ceramic or stainless-steel non tipping food and water bowls (won't break or absorb odors)
05. toothbrush and paste( I use the vanilla favor for my little ones)
06. Eagle Pack holist select chicken and rice
07. Brushes and combs
(a slicker brush will take out tangles in short hair, a toothed comb is needed to get deep into the coat to get the hidden tangles out). and nail clippers
08. Shampoo & conditioner (I like Miracle coat and pet Silk and Top performance baby powder shampoo)
9. Chew toys and bully sticks (no pig ears or any type of rawhide) Toys As a general rule: if the toy can fit comfortably in a puppy's mouth, it's too small.
10.Playpen An exercise pen for assistance in crate training (I recommend placing the puppy in the pen in a place where you want the puppy to potty for life. When you take him outside, carry him and place him in the pen so he doesn’t go anywhere else. Do this for a week or two and that will become his primary restroom.)
11.A breakaway harness and a 6 -foot leather or nylon leash
We recommend to leave the food out at all times. Doggy treats are like junk food; a couple is fine, but don't overdo it. We prefer all natural treats. Again, make sure the ingredients don't include soy products.
FIRST FEW DAYS
Your puppy might be nervous in their new environment. Everything from sight, smell, people, etc. are strange and very new to them. You have to allow new puppies to explorer the place and encourage them to play. Try not to pick them up too much the first couple days and play with them on the floor in their eye level rather than your couch or table. When you speak to your new puppy, you need to speak quietly and calmly so they can be comfortable with your voice. They will soon be fine and enjoying their new home and family.
The puppy is used to sleeping with several brothers and sisters, so they may feel lonely and cry for the first few couple for nights. When the puppy cries out, simply touch his nose and tell him 'no' in a soft voice. The only thing you can tell them when the new puppy cries out is softly but firmly 'no'.
YOUR NEW PUPPY NEEDS PEACE AND QUIET for the first month in his new environment. Constant running around and excitement will wear your puppy out and you will end up with a health crisis.
Always make sure that your puppy has a place to call his own.
Make sure the puppy has his own toys, blanket and bed in a quiet area he can rest and feel safe and secure. Your puppy should rest for 2 hours for every 1-2 hours of play. His area should not be drafty. Do not place his area near a fan, vent, or near a door. His area should not be located near a furnace nor near a fireplace. We prefer that you buy a playpen for the first 3 months you have your puppy.
NAP TIME "Just one more kiss, then the baby needs to rest."
They need plenty of quiet time and frequent naps, and should have their own space for napping……Keep your puppy warm and dry.
*Make sure your puppy eats a least 3 times a day.
Some Tiny puppies can burn up calories faster then they take in and this can lead to low blood sugar.
Give an inch of NUTRICAL mid day.
The puppy is as a newborn baby. Caution should be used in selecting where it goes outside. Two deadly diseases, Parvo and Distemper can stay in the soil for seven years. (While traveling with our dogs, we never "walk" them in the "doggie areas".
DON'T Allow your puppy free run of the house or outdoors right away. A puppy needs to be supervised to make sure she doesn't do any unacceptable behaviors or have housebreaking difficulties.
DON'T Leave your puppy alone with children. Families with small children should always supervise play time with the dog. Especially with toy dogs, there small size puts them at a disadvantage..
DON'T Feed your puppy with other pets. Let puppy have her own bowl and place to eat. This tiny breed needs to have nourishment more often than adult dogs or other puppy breeds. If you feed your Yorkie puppy with another pet it will be difficulty to tell how much she is eating.
DON'T leave electric wires dangling close to the floor. Young inquisitive puppies will chew on them. Yes, they can get electrocuted or suffer a severe burn to the tongue and mouth.
Chocolate is toxic, and sometimes even fatal, for animals. Dogs are most commonly affected, due to their ability to find it and the common 'sweet tooth' they seem to have. It is important to remember that cats and other species are susceptible to the toxic effects of chocolate, too.
Puppies need protection against disease until he/she is 4 months old. Please do not put the puppy in harms way keep them away from other dogs, keep them clean and away from feces and urine.
Puppies can choke on small objects the same as a small child. Please make sure any toys you buy have secure squeakers. Always purchase latex toys not vinyl, Little puppies have very sharp teeth and they can chew off pieces of the vinyl toys and choke on they. Latex toys are soft and pliable
Give puppy a routine, same time every day to be fed, exercised, and let out to potty. Outside under supervision.
Take it slow with your new puppy. Let her meet each family member (people and animals), one at a time. Gently and patiently. The introductions should be supervised and under control. Other pets sometimes do better when meeting for the first time on neutral ground.
Be consistent, gentle, and understanding as this puppy is just a baby. Be firm about your rules,
FLEA MEDICATION: REVOLUTION
Preventive medications for fleas, ticks, mites, heart worms (We use and recommend monthly Revolution treatments.)
NO flea medicines given by mouth!
You can use Frontline or Advantage on the nap of neck every 2 months r
PLAY PEN TRAINING:
If you work and you will leave your baby at home for more then 2 hours you may want to get a play pen and train your puppy to go on pee wee pads,You don't want her/him to have full run of the house.
Training your puppy to potty on pads inside a small confined area is by far the easiest method of housebreaking, especially since it will come naturally to them not to potty in their bed. The pads also come scented to attract the puppy to potty on the pad. All of our puppies are partially housebroken to go on potty pads inside their playpen.
The only training necessary after adopting one of our puppies is to train them with lots of praise to potty on the potty pads outside their playpen as well. Make sure the first few weeks your puppy spends most of their time in their playpen (their home), otherwise the puppy will be accustomed to being outside its playpen and will not want to go back. The best time for training is after the puppy eats or wakes up from a nap. They usually will potty within 10-15 minutes. Keep an eye on your puppy and when they look like they are about to potty, take them to the nearest pad. If they get anything on the pad, give them lots of praise.!!
If the puppy makes a mistake, it is best advised to just clean up the mess and avoid any type of punishment. As long as you are consistent with the training, you should be able to leave your puppy with the playpen open when you are not at home. This process could take few weeks to a few months, so, like any other training procedure, have patience.
After house training is successful you may still want to use the crate or exercise pen when you are gone or sleeping so puppy doesn't get into any trouble when you can't watch him/ her.
If the crate is too large the puppy may use a corner or one end for a bathroom area.
A crate's success as a housebreaking tool is simple, puppies will not soil their sleeping area if they can possibly avoid it. But remember that a puppy needs time to play and has a small bladder. Use the crate when you can't watch your puppy, but don't overuse it
Choose one Crate that will be large enough for an adult Yorkie or Shih tzu to lie down, stand up, and turn around easily.
For the first few times the puppy goes in the crate she may cry or whine. At the first bark, whine, or howl intervene with a sharp "NO". Your puppy should associate the reprimand with its actions and stop. It may take four or five tries, but it will eventually settle down and be quiet. Never take the puppy out before she settles down or she will think all she has to do is keep making noise until you take her out.
Once the puppy is quiet, keep it in the crate for 30-45 minutes. If it begins to cry, take it outside to relieve itself. Once that happens, praise the puppy, give it a small treat, and take it back inside and allow it supervised free time outside the crate. If she starts chewing on something other than her toys, respond with a sharp "no", take the object away and replace with a chew toy.
After 15-20 minutes of playtime, put the puppy back into the crate for a nap. Correct the puppy if she cries. Your puppy learns through association, so consistency should help it accept being in the crate after a few times. After about an hour, take puppy out again and repeat the process.
Your puppy will need to eliminate directly on waking and shortly after eating or playing. Also, a very young puppy will not be able to hold its urine all night, so be prepared to take her out during the night.
Put the puppy on her leash immediately after letting her out of the crate. Rush the puppy to the door or carry her so she can avoid an accident. Watch to be sure that she relieves herself once you are outside
We usually place the pet taxi next to our bed so we can lean down and comfort the puppy throughout the night. It may take a night or two before the puppy learns not to cry.
Gradually increase the time your puppy is allowed to play out of the crate after she relieves herself outside.
Here is a picture of one of our girls asking Mom to let her go potty,she will stand at the door and wait.Most of our girls will do that.
With pacience and love you will have a full potty trained baby!!
IMMEDIATELY CLEAN UP ACCIDENTS
Immediately clean up accidents and use an odor remover. If you catch your puppy having an accident, take them immediately to the designated soil area. You may even need to leave a small amount of waste in the spot to help your puppy understand that this is their potty area. Don't discipline the puppy if you find an accident after the fact. Your puppy will not understand what the scolding is for. Paper training may be an acceptable alternative for a small apartment dog whose owner is not able to take him outside regularly. Consider putting the paper on the floor in the corner of an indoor exercise pen. You might also consider housebreaking pads, which have a scent that attracts puppies to urinate in your chosen spot
BATHING YOUR PUPPY
You are going to go through the coat to check for snarls and mats, snarls can be pulled apart with your fingers, then using a pin type brush go through the coat before bathing.
Mats hurt coming out regardless of how careful and gentle you are.
Place your finger at the base of the coat next to the skin, start brushing at the ends of the hair and gradually work up toward your finger, trim the hair around the foot at this time.
Before the bath is the best time for brushing the teeth. If you do not brush the teeth, this will mean additional professional cleaning at the vet office
EARS & PAD NAILS:
If there is hair in the canal, remove it by pulling it out with your fingers. Do it quickly. Whether the hair is oily or not, using a plucking powered lightly will make it much easier to do.
We use small clippers to trim the pads of the feet, hair grows from between them and it should be trimmed to at least where the hair is level with the paws themselves. Trimming nails should be done with almost each bath. Trim the hair around the foot at this time. The feet should be rounded following the outline of the foot itself before bathing.
All that you need to do is trim around the anal area, use scissors for this area, cut about 1/2 inch around.
Every 10-15 days if you keep your Yorkie in a puppy cut. If your Yorkie is in full coat once a week is advisable.
Make sure the coat is entirely wet, apply your shampoo and distribute it by running your fingers through the coat. Do not rub the coat in circles. There is no reason to scrub back and forth. Rinse twice if it is necessary, shampoo left in the coat can do more damage to the coat than anything else, use a good conditioner .
Collect the hair starting at the outer corner of the eye , going back at an angle toward
the center of the head, then back down to the outer corner of the other eye, brush this hair up and place a latex band and your favorite bow. And don't forget the cologne and the hug!!!
Yorkies (and other small dogs) have very small tracheas which can be damaged by using a tube too large to intubate your puppy. You want to make sure that the vet does the intubating and not the tech. What I recommend is to specify on the waiver that you must sign before the surgery can be performed that you want the smallest possible tube if they must be and intubated and you consider Isoflurane as the anesthesia of choice. You should also stipulate that Halothane or any of barbiturates are not to be used on your yorkie under any circumstances.
Many vets insist on keeping your baby overnight ....but I always ask two things
1. Is someone going to be through the night to watch over him?
2. If someone is not there, I know that my baby will constant supervision when he is with me. Can I care for him/her myself?
LUXATING PATELLAS: GENETIC AND ALSO ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES
Patellar luxation in Toy breeds can have both genetic causes, or environmental causes (luxation due to injury). If lux appears at an early age, it’s likely to be due to genetic causes. Parents with perfect knees can produce a puppy with weak knees traced back to a distant relative that had luxating patella's. Veterinarians can be fast to jump to surgery, so you may wish to wait 6 months or longer to see if the condition corrects itself with proper measures, such as supplementation, providing sets of stairs, and training to stop jumping, as well as exercise to strengthen the muscles on the side of the knees. Surgery is most times done to prevent future arthritis or if the lux is so severe the puppy becomes lame. Most cases are not painful and puppies can outgrow the condition if the lux is a grade 2 or under.
If luxating patella's develops after 6 months old then it commonly environmental sources which can include too much jumping (i.e. jumping off furniture), or too much stress on the patella and surrounding ligaments (ie. when a Yorkie dances on its rear legs) The groove that keeps the knee in place is normally shallow in small breeds and the groove can be easily damaged, allowing the knee to slip. We have a customer who took their dog to the groomer to have the nails clipped and painted. They witnessed their dog slip on the table and fall which resulted in damage to the knee groove. The Vet confirmed the lux patella was injury induced from the fall. This is an environmental case of luxating patella, called "acquired" Luxating patella. Many breeders no longer will cover LPs because of environmental issues. Do you realize that it only takes one jump/twist to injure a knee? Once a pup/dog leaves the breeder's home, they do not know what kind of environment the dog lives in. They do not know what the new owners allow their dogs to do.
Adult Yorkies can damage their kneecap by a forceful hit or blow as we discussed above, Also looseness with age might also be recognized, especially in yorkies that are overweight as there is constant pressure on surrounding ligaments that help to hold the knees in place.
The Yorkie's molera ( fontanel) is considered a breed characteristic and not normally considered a defect. Most tiny yorkies have a molera — a soft spot on the top of their head ,Human babies also have a fontanel at birth. This leaves an area at the top centre that feels soft and mushy when you touch it, in most puppies the fontanel is never even noticed and it grows over very quickly (within 4 weeks)
The time it takes for an open fontanel to disappear varies greatly between dogs and breeds. Usually they close in the first 4 weeks but some fontanels take as long as a year. regardless of size of the molera.
Printing out some material on the Molera can help educate your Veterinarian about this common and expected feature of certain toy dog breeds.
The Yorkies once 6 months old, is a very hardy little dog. Until the Yorkie puppy reaches this age, you will need to take special precautions to keep your puppy happy and healthy. The tinier the chihuahua puppyyou purchase the less room for error you will have in its care.
Yorkies and toy dogs in general have a tendency to retain their puppy teeth, You can supply
your pup with allot of tug toys to loosen those baby teeth naturally, but if by age of 6-7 months
your puppy has double teeth, it's wise to have them extracted during the spay / neuter